Buy cialis professional without prescription, The Wyoming Department of Transportation has released an evaluation report on the Mule Deer Crossing Structures in the Nugget Canyon area of Lincoln County.
“The Nugget Canyon section of U.S. Discount cialis professional overnight delivery, 30 [near] Kemmerer is located adjacent to mule deer winter range and bisects a migration route used by thousands of mule deer each spring and fall,” the report states. “Despite a variety of migration measures implemented during the 1990’s, buy cialis professional us, aimed at slowing traffic and warning motorists of potential collisions with wildlife (e.g., Buy cialis professional online, signs, reflectors, flashing lights), cialis professional prescription, dozens of vehicle-deer collisions continued to occur each year in this 12-mile segment [between Mile Post 30 and Mile Post 42] of the highway.”
According to the report, Buy cialis professional internet, the high rates of “vehicle-deer collisions posed serious safety concerns for both motorists and mule deer.”
“In an effort to move deer underneath the highway and reduce vehicle-deer collisions, the Wyoming Department of Transportation installed seven miles of game fence (between Mile Post 28 and Mile Post 35) and a concrete box crossing structure at Mile Post 30.5 in 2001.”
The crossing structure was then monitored for two years. According to WYDOT, cialis professional cheap drug, the wildlife fencing and passage “received high levels of deer use (hundreds), Buy generic cialis professional online, particularly during spring and fall migrations.”
“Although the underpass and associated fencing was successful at reducing vehicle-deer collisions around Mile Post 30, remaining portions of the project area continued to have high levels of vehicle-deer collisions and it was apparent that additional crossing structures were needed,” the report states, cost cialis professional. “WYDOT approved construction of six new structures and seven additional miles of game fence to be completed in October 2008, buy cialis professional without prescription. The location of these structures generally corresponded with road segments that had high levels of vehicle-deer collisions and were installed at Mile Post 35.25, Buy cialis professional, 35.96, 37.44, 38.23, buy cialis professional online cheap, 39 and 40.62.”
According to WYDOT, Cheapest generic cialis professional online, the evaluation study that was just released on the project was designed to “evaluate the effectiveness of the newly constructed underpasses and associated fencing.”
“Specifically, [the report] provides a quantitative assessment of how many mule deer and other wildlife actually use the underpasses, and to what degree the underpasses reduce vehicle-deer collisions, purchase cialis professional overnight delivery,” the report states. Cialis professional cheap, According to the report, wildlife-vehicle collision data was compiled from Jan. 1, cialis professional us, 1990 to October 2001, Order cialis professional no prescription required, prior to the construction of the first underpass.
Those numbers were compared to collision records from Oct. Buy cialis professional without prescription, 1, 2001 to Oct. 1, cialis professional pharmacy online, 2008, Order cialis professional cheap online, when one underpass was in place.
Collision numbers were also tallied from Oct. 1, cialis professional cheapest price, 2008 to May 1, Buy cialis professional in canada, 2010, following the construction of six additional underpasses.
The number of wildlife-vehicle collisions were standardized by the number of months in each time period, buy cialis professional online without prescription.
“We used high speed digital photos collected from cameras to calculate the number of deer that used each underpass,” the report states, buy cialis professional without prescription. “Three cameras were mounted in each of the seven underpasses, Lowest price for cialis professional, including one at the entrance, one at the middle and one at the exit. We evaluated the success of deer crossings by comparing the number of deer that approached each underpass and moved through, purchase cialis professional no rx, versus the total number that approached.”
According to Gary Fralick, Buy cheapest cialis professional online, wildlife biologist with the Wyoming Game and Fish Department, the Nugget Canyon project has benefited both wildlife and people.
“These structures have greatly reduced wildlife-vehicle collisions, cialis professional from india,” he said. Cialis professional sale, “You may recall that many thousands of mule deer that spend the summer in Greys River and the Wyoming Range use these structures every spring and fall during the annual migration.”
Fralick also referenced similar projects designed for Pronghorn in the Pinedale and Daniel areas. Buy cialis professional without prescription, “Pronghorn, by the thousands, have been documented using the two recently constructed overpasses north of Pinedale and Daniel,” he said.
Underpass Use by Mule Deer
According to the report, 14, cialis professional drug,362 mule deer passed through the structures during the 2009-2010 monitoring season. Order cheap cialis professional online, The animals were monitored from October 2009 to May 2010.
“These numbers were higher than the 2008-2009 monitoring season because cameras were not installed until Dec. 16, cheap cialis professional no rx, 2008, Discount cialis professional online, ” the report states.
According to the report, 13,025 mule deer passed through the structures between Dec, buy cialis professional without prescription. 16, 2008 and May 30, order cialis professional on internet, 2009. Cialis professional pill, “Across both seasons we recorded 27,387 mule deer pass through the structures during spring and fall migrations,” the report states, overnight cialis professional. “Timing of peak movements during the fall 2008 migration was approximately Dec. Buy generic cialis professional, 17-29 and ranged from 62 to 276 individuals per day. Peak movements during the fall 2009 migration occurred from Dec. 4-17 and ranged from 44 to 284 individuals per day.”
According to the report, generic cialis professional online, spring migrations “were characterized by multiple peaks of deer movement.”
“The spring 2009 peaked March 18-24, Cheapest cialis professional online, April 7-13 and May 1-11 and ranged from 77 to 358 individuals per day,” the report states. “The peaks of the 2010 spring migration were similar, real cialis professional without prescription, March 13-18, Buying cialis professional online, April 17-27 and May 5-10 and ranged from 73 to 195 individuals per day.”
Underpass Use by Other Wildlife
Many different types of animals made use of the underpasses, according to the WYDOT report.
“Between December 2008 and May 2010 we recorded 500 elk, order cheap cialis professional, 39 pronghorn, Buy cialis professional pills, 13 coyotes, 44 bobcats, six badgers, generic cialis professional, eight moose and one mountain lion, raccoon and red fox move through the underpasses,” the report states.
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